From Global to Local, a Case Study in Using 101 Innovations in Scholarly Communication

Posted on 05.05.2019 - 22:42 by Penny Presta

Bruwer, M., Presta, P. & Freeman, C. (2019, May). From global to local, a case study in using 101 Innovations in Scholarly Communication. Paper presented at the 2019 Medical Library Association 119th Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL.

Objectives: This project set out to develop our research skills, inform our professional practice and strengthen our capabilities to align with the strategic objectives of a research intensive university. We embarked on practitioner based research, utilising a globally conducted survey to determine the tools used in the evolving scholarly communication workflows of our early career researchers in the health sciences.

Methods: Our project team contacted the creators of “101 Innovations in Scholarly Communication” and received permission to utilise their survey. Ethics approval was obtained and the survey re-created using Qualtrics. Permission was sought from the Faculties of Medicine, Nursing & Health Sciences, and Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences to distribute the survey. Approximately 1140 researchers received an invitation via the assigned faculty mailing lists. Eighty-five researchers initiated the survey and 84 completed it, yielding a participation rate of 7.36%. Survey results were analysed using SPSS software. Of the 84 who completed the survey, 18 indicated that they were willing to be contacted further, and eight semi-structured interviews were conducted, recorded and analysed in NVivo.

Results: Results indicated that although early career researchers are overwhelmingly in support of open access and open science, tension exists due to the expectations associated with advancing their careers. These attitudes signal that key developments in scholarly communication in coming years will foreseeably be related to open access. To remain relevant and prepare ourselves for future roles, librarians need to be cognisant of the big changes in practices ahead. This project connected theory to practice and highlighted gaps in existing knowledge. By presenting to colleagues on the project and sharing newly gained knowledge, the librarians initiated dialogue around new developments such as open peer review, preprints and reproducibility.

Conclusions: Librarians must increasingly adapt and take control of their professional development in order to remain relevant within a changing university environment. In addition to maintaining familiarity with scholarly communication tools and other factors that contribute to the openness of research, the project resulted in increased visibility and standing within the organisation. It enabled librarians to expand their networks and afforded opportunities to collaborate externally. The librarians have been invited to contribute and participate in a number of projects, committees and working parties, and to facilitate training sessions for peers and faculty.


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Bruwer, Madeleine; Presta, Penny; Freeman, Cassandra (2019): From Global to Local, a Case Study in Using 101 Innovations in Scholarly Communication. Monash University. Collection.


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