Monash University
L209 Sindy Mthimkhulu Final Thesis_Redacted.pdf (2.44 MB)

The water footprint concept as an adaptation mechanism to cope with water shortages in the sugar industry in Swaziland : A case study of the Usuthu River Basin

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posted on 2019-04-02, 23:34 authored by SINDY NKOSISPHILE MTHIMKHULU
Sugar production is Swaziland's largest industry and uses over 95 % of the available water for irrigation. The water footprint concept is a standardised methodology, now accredited as an ISO standard which involves following set procedures and protocols of measuring and monitoring water use. The research assesses the application of this standard within Illovo sugar company in Swaziland and compares Illovo’s water management practices with those of other sugarcane growers in the Usuthu basin. An assessment is made on whether applying water footprint methodology aligns with an adaptive management approach and encourages sustainable water use. Recommendations are then made on how water footprint application can influence current water management practices and lead to overall sustainable water use in the sugar industry.


Principal supervisor

Bimo Nkhata

Additional supervisor 1

Professor Charles Breen

Year of Award


Department, School or Centre

Monash South Africa School of Social Sciences

Additional Institution or Organisation

Water Research Node


Master of Philosophy

Degree Type


Campus location

South africa


Faculty of Arts

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