Monash University

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Suffering and Spirituality: Cognition and Emotion across Three Religious Communities of a Hunter Gatherer Tribe in Malaysia

posted on 2022-09-12, 04:14 authored by JIAN AI THONG
This thesis examines the cognition and emotion of suffering experiences among the Temiar, an indigenous hunter-gatherer tribe in Peninsular Malaysia among which there are three primary religious communities (Traditional, Christian, and Muslim). The identification of concrete-perceptual mentalities oriented toward external resources emphasizes the importance of their land, community, spirituality, and traditions toward their mental wellbeing.


Principal supervisor

Ting Sing Kiat

Year of Award


Department, School or Centre

Jeffrey Cheah School of Medicine and Health Sciences (Monash University Malaysia)


Doctor of Philosophy

Degree Type



Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences