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Studies of low oxidation state group 13 and 14 metallacycles

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thesis
posted on 03.03.2017, 01:31 authored by Woodul, William Douglas
This thesis is mainly concerned with investigations into the reactivity of the gallium(I) N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) analogue, [K(tmeda)][:Ga{[N(Dip)C(H)]2}] (Dip = C6H3Pri2-2,6). The preparation of the first monomeric Ge(I) radical was also investigated. Work carried out in these areas is divided into five chapters. Chapter 1 provides a general introduction to sub-valent group 13 and 14 chemistry, with an emphasis on the preparation of group 13 metal(I) and group 14 metal(II) N-heterocyclic carbene analogues. Chapter 2 summarizes investigations into the reactivity of [K(tmeda)] [:Ga{[N(Dip)C(H)]2}] towards groups 2 and 12 metal precursors. Reactions of magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium, zinc, and cadmium halides with [K(tmeda)][:Ga{[N(Dip)C(H)]2}] are discussed, and the first structurally characterized cadmium-gallium bonded molecular complex is reported. Chapter 3 summarizes investigations into the reactivity of [K(tmeda)] [:Ga{[N(Dip)C(H)]2}] towards selected lanthanide metal precursors. Reactions of samarium(II), europium(II), ytterbium(II), thulium(II), and cerium(III) iodides with [K(tmeda)][:Ga{[N(Dip)C(H)]2}] have given rise to a number of novel lanthanide-gallyl species, including the first structurally characterized GaTm or GaSm bonded complexes. Chapter 4 details the preparation of the first monomeric Ge(I) radical via the reduction of a bulky β-diketiminato germanium(II) precursor. The verification of the +1 oxidation state in this species was achieved using a combination of crystallographic, EPR and ENDOR spectroscopic, and theoretical analyses. Chapter 5 describes several miscellaneous results, largely derived from attempts to prepare bulky guanidinato complexes of p-block elements in low oxidation states.

History

Campus location

Australia

Principal supervisor

Cameron Jones

Year of Award

2011

Department, School or Centre

Chemistry

Course

Doctor of Philosophy

Degree Type

DOCTORATE

Faculty

Faculty of Science