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Novel biomedical coatings for orthopaedic implant devices

thesis
posted on 16.02.2017 by Bhadang, Kinnari Arvind
Hydroxyapatite [Ca1o(PO)s(OH)z] is an integral part of the body found predominantly in bones and teeth which provide the main framework and structural support for vital organs. Hydroxyapatite is present in a variety of crystallinities and also substituted with small amounts of ions such as carbonate and magnesium which overall contributes to the mineral phase of bone and teeth [1 , 2]. The first biodegradable ceramic discovered and used was particulate hydroxyapatite in Paster of Paris [3] (CaS04.2HzO) followed by the discovery of hydroxyapatite in 1920's [4]. Commercialization of hydroxyapatite occurred in the 1970's [5]. Despite the resorbability of hydroxyapatite it failed to provide a load bearing function; hence titanium alloy was used as the preferred material. Titanium has since been used extensively in orthopaedic implants for knee and hip prosthesis. Commercial hydroxyapatite implants are produced by plasma spraying hydroxyapatite onto titanium alloy, TisAL4 V which fulfils the load bearing function of the implant.

History

Campus location

Australia

Principal supervisor

John Forsythe

Additional supervisor 1

Helmut Thissen, Keith McLean

Year of Award

2014

Department, School or Centre

Materials Engineering

Course

Doctor of Philosophy

Degree Type

DOCTORATE

Faculty

Faculty of Engineering

Exports