Monash University

Restricted Access

Reason: Under embargo until 30 April 2026. After this date a copy can be supplied under Section 51(2) of the Australian Copyright Act 1968 by submitting a document delivery request through your library, or by emailing

Malaysia's Toleration Policy Towards Rohingya Refugees in Malaysia: Role of Non-State Actors

posted on 2023-04-25, 00:37 authored by SATISH RANGGAYAH
This study aims to recognise the extent to which Transnational Advocacy Networks motivated Malaysia’s refugee-tolerant policy. This study conducted a historical analysis that evaluated responses by the Malaysian government to Rohingyas from 1992 to 2020 and observed contrasting responses from tolerance to intolerance over the years. Rohingya refugee policy is not crafted in isolation. The concluding results illustrate there have been inconsistencies in Malaysian refugee policies and the extent of non-state actors’ influence. The research findings are novel because they show that TANs are a network that provide an explanation on how Rohingya refugee policy came about in Malaysia.


Principal supervisor

Helen Nesadurai

Additional supervisor 1

Marco Buente

Year of Award


Department, School or Centre

Monash Malaysia School of Arts and Social Sciences


Doctor of Philosophy

Degree Type


Campus location



Faculty of Arts