Monash University

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Reason: Under embargo until 30 June 2023. After this date a copy can be supplied under Section 51(2) of the Australian Copyright Act 1968 by submitting a document delivery request through your library.

Investigation into the Pretreatment of Oil Palm Fronds (OPF) Using Choline Chloride-Based Deep Eutectic Solvent (DES) Integrated with Water

posted on 2022-06-24, 04:49 authored by Eng Kein New

The high dependence on crude oil for energy utilization leads to a necessity of finding alternative sustainable resources. Being the second-largest palm oil producer, Malaysia abundantly generates hardwood residues such as oil palm fronds (OPF), making it a promising source for biorefinery into bioenergy and bio-based products. Thus, a green solvent, namely deep eutectic solvents (DESs), has significantly improved the process by transforming wood waste into high-value products. DESs are favourable of their relatively low cost, low toxicity and most importantly, efficient performance for lignocellulosic biomass processing. Therefore, applying DESs in the biorefinery ensures a bright horizon for harvesting bioenergy.


Campus location


Principal supervisor

Wu Ta Yeong

Year of Award


Department, School or Centre

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering


Doctor of Philosophy

Degree Type



Faculty of Engineering