Monash University

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Reason: Under embargo until 31 May 2023. After this date a copy can be supplied under Section 51(2) of the Australian Copyright Act 1968 by submitting a document delivery request through your library.

Improving the geographic distribution of doctors: an investigation of early career rural and remote practice and associated factors in Indonesia

posted on 2023-03-08, 03:12 authored by Likke Prawidya Putri

Doctor shortage is one of the causes of poorer health among rural and remote populations compared to their urban counterparts. Exploring the correlates of rural practice could help inform strategies to increase rural and remote doctor supply. I conducted a cross-sectional national survey of early-career doctors in Indonesia, collecting data on their locations from childhood to current employment, and a range of other characteristics, to determine factors associated with rural practice. I found that rural practice is strongly correlated with previous rural exposures, and conclude that increasing the medical workforce in rural and remote areas requires a continuum of strategies. These could include selecting medical students with rural origins, rural exposure and content during medical training, and supporting particular needs by gender and family circumstances.


Principal supervisor

Rebecca Kippen

Additional supervisor 1

Belinda O'Sullivan

Additional supervisor 2

Deborah Russell

Year of Award


Department, School or Centre

Rural Health

Additional Institution or Organisation

Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia

Campus location



Doctor of Philosophy

Degree Type



Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences