Intimate connections: Lone actor mass casualty attacks, violence against women and misogyny
Male violence against women, especially in family and intimate relationships, has historically been considered ‘private’ violence. In recent decades unprecedented policy attention has been directed at family violence, and intimate partner violence in particular, as the most common type of family violence and violence against women (World Health Organisation 2013). This attention has accompanied increasing recognition of the public harm of ‘private’ violence (State of Victoria 2014-2016). Regardless, the dichotomy between what is considered public and private violence remains embedded in government policy, research and media reporting. This dichotomous approach is also hierarchical in the sense that ‘public’ violence is considered a greater threat to security than ‘private’ violence. This view persists despite evidence that ‘private’ violence against women results in far more death and injury than ‘public violence’ (Walklate et al 2019: 66-68). Mass casualty attacks are a form of public violence high on western states national security agendas. This research brief considers the growing body of evidence that demonstrates the intimate connection between lone actor mass casualty attacks in western countries, male violence against women, and misogyny.