Monash University
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The military expenditure-external debt nexus: new evidence from a panel of Middle Eastern countries

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-06-08, 03:27 authored by Narayan, Paresh Kumar, Smyth, Russell
This paper examines the impact of military expenditure and income on external debt for a panel of six Middle Eastern countries; namely, Oman, Syria, Yemen, Bahrain, Iran, and Jordan, over the period 1988 to 2002. Using Pedroni's (2004) test for panel cointegration, we find that there is a long-run relationship between external debt, military expenditure and income. The estimated long-run elasticities suggest that an increase in military expenditure contributes to a rise in external debt, while an increase in income helps the Middle Eastern countries to pay off their external debt.


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Department of Economics.

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