Monash University
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Lee-Carter mortality forecasting: a multi-country comparison of variants and extensions

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-06-07, 00:26 authored by Booth, Heather, Hyndman, Rob J., Tickle, Leonie, de Jong, Piet
We compare the short- to medium- term accuracy of five variants or extensions of the Lee-Carter method for mortality forecasting. These include the original Lee-Carter, the Lee-Miller and Booth-Maindonald-Smith variants, and the more flexible Hyndman-Ullah and De Jong-Tickle extensions. These methods are compared by applying them to sex-specific populations of 10 developed countries using data for 1986–2000 for evaluation. All variants and extensions are more accurate than the original Lee-Carter method for forecasting log death rates, by up to 61%. However, accuracy in log death rates does not necessarily translate into accuracy in life expectancy. There are no significant differences among the five methods in forecast accuracy for life expectancy.


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Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics.

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