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Using Rational Polynomial Coefficients (RPC) to generate digital elevation models : a comparative study

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journal contribution
posted on 21.09.2016 by Jain, Kamal, Ravibabu, Mandla V., Shafi, Javed A., Singh, Suredra Pal
Models based on Rational Polynomial Coefficients (RPC) have recently sparked considerable interest within the remote sensing community because of their simplicity and accuracy. Indeed, some commercial, high-resolution, satellite imagery data are now supplied with RPC even though they do not disclose their physical sensor model. RPC, with stereo pairs, enable full photogrammetric processing including 3-D reconstruction, generation of digital elevation models (DEMs), orthorectification, block adjustment and feature extraction. In the light of this we here present a complete methodology for generating a DEM from stereo satellite images by using rational polynomial coefficients of the imaging geometry. We also conduct a study of the accuracy and performance, in terms of generating a stereo images-based DEM using RPC within three well known software packages. Our results are evaluated using sample data that was captured by IKONOS.

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