2017-07-14T05:52:26Z (GMT) by
Audio 7.11: Audio Example 11 in Chapter 7 of book: Margaret Kartomi, ‘Musical Journeys in Sumatra’, Champaign-Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2012. The “Siti Zubaidah” tale from “One Thousand and One Nights” serves as the basis for one of the plays in the “Abdul (Dul) Muluk” repertoire. “Dul Muluk”, a theatre genre with a Muslim, Middle-Eastern flavour, has spoken dialogue alternating with musical items. All performers are male; and when playing female roles, their voices remain unchanged rather than assuming a higher pitch. Songs are usually accompanied by an all-male “Abdul (Dul) Muluk” ensemble comprising three violins (“biola”), a bass drum (“jidur”), two double-headed drums (“gandang”) and a small gong (“ketawa”). Four excerpts have been extracted here from the many songs that are part of the “Siti Zubaidah” performance. The first is very lively with a Middle-Eastern feel and is the source for the short interludes that are played between changes of mood and scene; the second has a striking resemblance to “Battle Hymn of the Republic” and includes vocals by a soloist then chorus; the third also includes a solo vocalist and has a joyous quality; the fourth is slower and more pensive in mood with the vocal soloist negotiating repeated interjections by other performers. The show was presented by the Sinar Harapan Sandiwara troupe of which Bp Nawani was the leader, and recorded in December 1971. Duration: 4 min. 06 sec. [Excerpt 1: 1 min. 20 sec; Excerpt 2: 0 min. 35 sec; Excerpt 3: 0 min. 50 sec; Excerpt 4: 1 min. 15 sec.] Copyright 1971. Margaret J. Kartomi.